CHANGE AND CONTINUITY
Welcome to our blog! Here, you can obtain the main concepts of Change and Continuity after a walking trail along the Singapore river.
Links at the sidebar will help you navigate your way around the blog.
– Iffah, Carven, Hao Xian, Aziel
India, officially known as the Republic of India, is a country in South-east Asia. Although it consists of only 2.4% of the world's total land area, it supports over 15% of the world's population.
Religion, caste, and language are major determinants of social and political organization in India today. However, India has begun a quiet social transformation in this area due to certain changes.
India has a diverse and rich textile tradition. Ample evidence on the ancient textiles of India can be obtained from the various sculptures belonging to Mauryan and Gupta age as well as from ancient Buddhist scripts and murals (Ajanta caves). India had numerous trade links with the outside world and Indian textiles were popular in the ancient world. Indian silk was popular in Rome in the early centuries of the Christian era. Hoards of fragments of cotton material originating from Gujarat have been found in the Egyptian tombs at Fostat, belonging to 5th century AD. Cotton textiles were also exported to China during the heydays of the silk route.
Silk fabrics from south India were exported to Indonesia during the 13th century. India also exported printed cotton fabrics or chintz, to European countries and the Far East before the coming of the Europeans to India. The British East India Company also traded in Indian cotton and silk fabrics, which included the famous Dacca muslins. Muslims from Bengal, Bihar and Orissa were also popular abroad.(Muslin-a very thin cotton material) (Chintz-cotton cloth, usually printed with flowery patterns, that has a slightly shiny appearance)
The past traditions of the textile and handlooms can still be seen amongst the motifs, patterns, designs, and the old techniques of weaving, still employed by the weavers.
← back to hist page
The blocks were used as a type of stamp to apply dyes unto cloth in a certain pattern. Compared to kalamkari
, another method used, this is a labour and time saving way to decorate cloth. Coordinated blocks for different colours can create very sophisticated designs. This method of applying colour has evolved into the use of a modern-day stamp.
In the past, natural substances were used to dye cloth in bright colours. For example, blue dye comes from the indigo plant, red dye comes from the roots of 3 species of Rubia, green dye is made by over-dying yellow on indigo blue and yellow dye comes from many materials, example turmeric winds. The dyes used are mainly primary colours, deeper colours are achieved by dying the cloth repeatably. The creation of dyes and method of dying had changed from painting with organically-created dyes to the use of artificial ink.
The machinery use a special technique to create complex patterns of cloth with the use of only simple materials. From here we can learn from the efficient techniques they use to weave cloth. Nowadays, factories are the ones who produce cloth commercially through the use of automatic weaving machine.
← back to hist page
When Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles first spotted the island, he found a small Malay settlement at the mouth of the Singapore River. The mouth of the Singapore River is also where the old Port of SIngapore will be located.
Singapore River, at a certain point of time, is the lifeblood of the former British Colony, a place where trade, commence and business happens. Some part of the river include quay, such as Clark Quay and Boat Quay, which generated trade and extensive demand for service for the boats. One such service is manual labor, a perfect example is the use of coolies to load and unload goods. Shophouse and warehouses flourished around the quay due to trade during the colonial era.
During the 1880s, there was heavy traffic on the Singapore River due to rapid urbanization and expanding trade and at the same time, disposal of garbage, sewage and other by-products of industries which were located along the river banks caused the pollution of the river.
On October 1977, the government started taking action to clean the Singapore River. Ten years later, the clean-up of the Singapore River and Kallang Basin was completed. As for activities, speedboats, dragon boats, pedal-boats and sampans can be seen plying on the clean waterways of the Singapore River these days.
The Singapore River is approximately three kilometers long from its source at Kim Seng Bridge to its mouth at the Esplanade where it flows into the Marina Channel and lastly the Singapore Strait. The waterway extends more than two kilometers further away from its original source at Kim Seng Bridge as Alexandra Canal, as far as the junction of Commonwealth Avenue.
This picture clearly shows the amount of activity found at the Singapore river back in the past.
It is now a business district, with boat tours operating along the singapore river and there is the Asian Civilisation Museum which has the history artifacts of the different cultures. Till now, the mouth of Singapore River still remains the most expensive and economically important piece of land in Singapore.
Do you think the shape course of Singapore River will change in the future?
The course of Singapore River will not change in the near future. In order for a change to happen in the course of the River, there are two possibility, the first one is natural, otherwise, it would be cause by human. Singapore River's currents are not fast and coupled with the reinforced concrete banks, erosion and deposition is most likely unable to take place. Those process are usually the cause of a change in course of any river.
Singapore's government most probably would not do any major construction to change the course of the river, as the river is both historical and a tourist attraction.
It is also unlikely for there to be any changes for the various locations where the singapore river is linked to.
Reinforced Concrete banks of the river, reduce the rate of erosion.
Calm Water of the Singapore River makes it quite difficult for erosion to take place.
← back to geog page
Throughout this whole learning experience, what I enjoyed most was spending time taking a look at the history and cultures of the other countries at the Asian Civilization Museum with my group mates, and touring along the Singapore River, and learning new things while touring along the River.
Some challenges my group faced were that sometimes during the trail, we had poor communication and we could not find where each other were.
One area my group could have improved on is our time management. Our group had poor time management throughout the activity, we could not meet at the time we originally planned to meet at, which was around 11:30am, because a few of us did not reach on time. As well as throughout the visit at the Asian Civilization Museum, we did not have good time management and we spent too much time exploring places we did not need to, and some of us got distracted by other things which resulted in the whole group ending the task quite late in the afternoon.
All in all, this enriching experience has helped me learn how important time management and good communication is important during group work, and it has also benefited me in my knowledge of some countries cultures and history, as well as Singapore's history.
We enjoyed looking and taking photographs of the many artifacts the museum held on display the most when working on the task. It was enjoyable admiring the displays and finding out more about the different cultures, countries and regions as we do our assigned tasks in the museum.
Our group had difficulty in choosing and finding the three artifacts to write about on the blog. Nearing the end of our journey around the museum, we had only chosen and taken photos of two artifacts. We also faced the challenge of finding a rather valid constraint in the civilization we've chosen. The civilization we've chosen, which you would probably already know if you had read entries for History on this blog before reading this reflection, is India.
One of the areas we could do better in if given another opportunity to do the same thing or something of this project's likeness once more is out preparedness. We could have been more prepared before undertaking the task. We could have virtually met up before the task to decide all the respective matters; such as the civilization to choose, the route to take, when to meet up, etc.
Hao Xian (08)
What we enjoyed most when working on this task.
Getting to enjoy the beautiful scenery and artifacts as we move along doing our task.
What were some challenges we faced?
My groups mates get distracted to easily and we are not sure where we are going most of the time. And when my group mates saw their friend on something, they forgot their task and talk to them.
Describe ONE area that you think your group could do better if given an opportunity to do it again.
We could plan ahead, before we move off.